Here is a list of trees commonly found in Chennai.

  Common Name(s)      

Tamil Name

Botanical name

Native to

Uses

Australian Wattle

 

Acacia auriculiformis

Australia

 

Sapota

Sapota

Achras zapota

 

 

Baobab

Anaipuliyamaram

Adansonia digitata

 

 

Coralwood tree

Yanai Kunthumani

Adenanthera pavonina

 

 

Bel

Vilvam

Aegle marmelos

 

 

 

 

Alangium salvifolium

 

 

Siris

Vagai

Albizia lebbeck

India

 

Cashewnut tree

Mundiri

Anacardium occidentale

 

 

Bullock's Heart Tree

Ramapalam

Annona reticulata

 

 

Custard apple

Seetaphal

Annona squamosa

 

 

Areca-nut palm

Paakku

Areca catechu

 

 

Jack fruit

Pala

Artocarpus heterophylus

 

 

Neem

Veppam

Azadirachta indica

India

Used as safe and natural pesticide

Bamboo

Moongil

Bambusa vulgaris

China

Stem is edible, used for furniture

Barna

Kadappai

Barringtonia acutangula

 

 

Butterfly tree  / Purple orchid

Nilattiruvatti/Mandarai

Bauhinia purpurea

India

Ornamental, Shade

Bauhinia Yellow

Mandarai

Bauhinia tomentosa

India

 

Palmyra Palm

Panai

Borassus flabellifer

 

 

Flame of the Forest/Palash

Palasa

Butea monosperma

India

 

Divi Divi

 

Caesalpinea coriaria

 

 

Peacock Flower tree

Mayil Konrai

Caesalpinea pulcherrima

 

 

Bottlebrush tree

 

Callistemom citrina

 

 

Alexandrian Laurel

Punnai

Calophyllum inophyllum

India

 

Papaya

Pappali

Carica papaya

India

Fruits are eaten

Fish tail Palm

Koondalpanai

Caryota urens

India

Ornamental

Indian Laburnum/Amaltas

Sarakonrai

Cassia fistula

India

 

Cassia Java

 

Cassia javanica

 

 

Cassia Red

 

Cassia marginata

 

 

Cassia Burmese Pink

 

Cassia renigera

 

 

Cassia Siam

 

Cassia siamea

 

 

Casuarina

Chavukku

Casuarina equisetifolia

 

 

Kapok tree/silk cotton

Ilavanpanji

Ceiba pentandra

 

 

Satinwood

Porasu

Chloroxylon swietenia

 

 

Star Gooseberry

Aranelli

Cicca acida

 

 

Coconut palm

Thennai

Cocos nucifera

 

 

Lasora

Mukusheli maram

Cordia obliqua/myxa

 

 

Geiger tree /Aloe Wood

 

Cordia sebestena

 

 

Cannon ball tree

Nagalingam maram

Couroupita guianensis

South America

Flowers used for Shiva puja

Crateva

Marvilingam

Crataeva religiosa

 

 

Gulmohar

Neruppu konrai

Delonix regia

Madagascar

Ornamental, Barks used in astringents

Dillenia

Uuva

Dillenia indica

 

 

Ebony

Karungali/Thumbi

Diospyros ebenum

 

 

Indian Gooseberry

Nelli

Emblica officinalis

 

 

Elephant ear pod tree

 

Enterolobium cyclocarpum

Central Mexico

Ornamental

Indian Coral

Kalyana Murungai, Sudukottai

Erythrina indica

India

Bark is antibilious

Wood Apple

Vilam

Feronia limonia

 

 

Banyan

Alai

Ficus benghalensis

India

Bark is used for medicinal purposes

Java Fig

 

Ficus benjamina

 

 

Fig Krishna

 

Ficus krishnae

 

 

Gular

 

Ficus racemosa

 

 

Peepal

Arasam

Ficus religiosa

India

Religious significance

Fern leaf tree

Nirkongu

Filicium decipiens

 

 

Gliricidia

 

Gliricidia sepium

 

 

Tree of Life/Lignum vitae

 

Guaiacum officinale

 

 

Bastard Cedar, West Indian Elm

Thenpuchi Maram

Guazuma ulmifolia 

South America

Fruits have a cherry flavour and dried fruits are used as Rudrakshas

Harpharori

Aacha

Hardwickia binata

 

 

 

Malai Poovarasam

Hibiscus tileaceus

 

 

 

 

Ixora pavata

 

 

Sausage tree

Siva Kundalam

Kigelia pinnata

 

 

Pride of India / Queen's Crepe Myrtle

Poo marudu

Laegestroemia speciosa

 

 

Indian Ash

Odhiyam

Lannea coromandelica

India

 

Subabul

Savundil

Leucaena leucocephala

 

 

Mahua

Iluppai

Madhuca longifolia

 

 

Mango

Maamaram

Mangifera indica

India

Fruits are eaten

Persian Lilac

Malai Vembu

Melia azadirach

India

 

Champak

Shenbagam

Michelia champaka

 

 

Indian Cork tree

Maramalli

Millingtonia hortensis

India

 

Bullet Wood / Maulsari

Maghizham

Mimusops elengi

India

Used for oral hygeine, fruits are eaten

Ivory Wood / Al Dye

Nuna

Morinda tinctoria

 

 

Horse Radish/Drumstick tree

Murungai

Moringa oleifera

 

 

Singapore Cherry / Jam tree

Nei pazham

Muntingia calabura

South America

Flowers have antiseptic properties, fruits eaten

Curry leaf tree

Karuvepilai

Murraya koenigii

 

 

Coral Jasmine

Pavazhamalli

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis

 

 

Gongstick tree

Mavukkai

Parkia biglandulosa

 

 

Copper pod

Iyalvagai

Peltophorum pterocarpum

Sri Lanka

Ornamental, Cabinet work

Date Palm

Verchipalam

Phoenix dactylifera

 

 

Wild Date Palm

Ichamaram

Phoenix sylvestris

 

 

Garden Lettuce

Nochikottai Keerai

Pisonia alba

India

Leaves used for relief in rheumatism

Manila Tamarind

Kodukkapuli

Pithecolobium dulce

 

 

Ashoka / False Ashoka / Mast tree

Nettilingam

Polyalthia longifolia

India

Ornamental

Indian Beech

Pungam, Punnai

Pongamia glabra/pinnata

India

Oil from seeds is used for Rheumatism

Mesquite Indian

 

Prosopis cineraria

 

 

Mesquite

Velikattan/mullu maram

Prosopis juliflora

 

 

Guava

Goyya

Psidium gujava

India

Fruits are eaten, bark is an astringent

Pomegranate

Madulai

Punica granatum

 

 

Child Life Tree

Karupala

Putranjiva roxburghii

 

 

Traveller's palm

 

Ravenala madagascarensis

 

 

Rain tree

Thoongumunji Maram

Samanea saman

Brazil

Ornamental

Soapnut

Boondikottai maram

Sapindus indicus

India

 

Asoka

Asoka

Saraca indica

India

 

Agasta

Agathi

Sesbania grandiflora

 

 

African Tulip tree

Pataadi

Spathodia campanulata

E Africa

 

Buddha's coconut

 

Sterculia alata

India

 

Jungli badam / Java Olive / Wild Almond

Pinari, Kutiraippitukku

Sterculia foetida

India

Bark used for ropes, timber for furniture, seeds edible after roasting

Nux-Vomica

Yetti

Strychnos nux-vomica

 

 

Java Plum

Naval

Syzigium cumini

India

 

White trumpet tree

 

Tabebuia roseo alba

Brazil

Ornamental

Tamarind tree

Puliya maram

Tamarindus indica

Tropical Africa

Pods used for cooking

Yellow Bells

 

Tecoma stans

 

 

Teak

Tekku

Tectona grandis   

India

Used for Furniture

Indian Badam

Nattuvadumai

Terminalia catappa

India

Ornamental, Edible nuts

Myrobalan Chebulic

Kadukkai

Terminalia chebula

 

 

Indian Tulip

Puvarasu

Thespesia populnea

India

Bark and leaves used for treating skin diseases

Oleander

 

Thevesia nerifolia

 

 

 

Nochi

Vitex negundo

 

 

Snowflake tree

Paalai

Wrightia tinctoria

 

 

Indian Jujube

Elandai

Zizyphus jujuba